The pelvic floor, an ensemble of muscles
and ligaments, supports the pelvic organs, namely the bladder, uterus and
intestines. All these viscera and their proper functions depend on
Unfortunately, vaginal delivery is commonly associated with pelvic floor
injury and further supportive defects for the pelvic organs. This leads to
lump formation at the vaginal opening, to urine and fecal urgency,
frequency and incontinence.
Pelvic floor reconstruction is the key for the cure of these functional
impairments, and many newly designed physiotherapy and surgical methods
were developed recently to facilitate and improve therapy.