Over Active Bladder is a term referring
to uncontrolled contractions of the muscular bladder wall. This leads
to frequency urination (more then 7 times during awakens or more then once
while asleep), urgency - the need to pass urine immediately when the
sensation appears and urinary incontinence which is related to the need to void.
The interference with daily activity and with social life is frequently
Bladder over activity might be caused by
urinary infection, by a foreign body like urinary calculi or related to
strong desire to void. While infections and urinary foreign bodies are
treated specifically, patients suffering unexplained Bladder Over
Activity symptoms as frequent or urgent urination and urgent incontinence
are mostly treated with anti-cholinergic medications to reduce both – the
motor and the sensor neural activity.
Achieving reduction of this uncontrolled
detrusor (bladder muscle) activity, the daily and nocturnal urgency,
frequency and urge incontinence are avoided, improving significantly the
patient's quality of life.